The Science Behind Dogs Eating Placenta: Benefits and Reasons

Dogs and their dietary needs have been a topic of discussion for many years. One such topic that has caught the attention of many people is the consumption of placenta by dogs. Although it may seem strange to humans, many dogs eat placenta after giving birth, and there is a scientific reason behind this.

In this article, we will explore the benefits and reasons behind dogs eating placenta, along with various aspects of dog nutrition.

The Science Behind Dogs Eating Placenta: Benefits and Reasons

Benefits of Dogs Eating Placenta

According to research, there are several benefits of dogs eating placenta, including:

Hormonal Regulation

Placenta contains hormones like oxytocin and prostaglandin, which can help regulate the hormones in a dog’s body. This can be especially beneficial for female dogs during the postpartum period.

Nutrient Boost

Placenta is a rich source of nutrients like protein, iron, and vitamins B6 and B12. Eating placenta can help replenish the nutrients lost during pregnancy and birth, and promote faster recovery for the mother.


Eating placenta can also help female dogs bond with their puppies. The act of eating placenta triggers the release of oxytocin, which is the bonding hormone. This can help strengthen the maternal bond and promote nurturing behavior in the mother.

Reasons Why Dogs Eat Placenta

While the benefits of dogs eating placenta are well-known, the reasons behind this behavior are still unclear. Some theories suggest that it could be an evolutionary adaptation to protect the newborn puppies from predators. By consuming the placenta, the mother can remove any evidence of the birth, reducing the risk of attracting predators.

Another theory is that it could be a way for the mother to clean up after giving birth. In the wild, animals rely on instinct to keep their surroundings clean and free from predators. Eating the placenta could be a way for dogs to clean up after birth and protect their puppies.

Importance of Balanced Diets for Dogs

While the benefits of placenta consumption are interesting, it is important to remember that a balanced diet is critical to a dog’s overall health and wellbeing. A balanced diet should include a variety of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals, tailored to the specific needs of the dog.

Different Breeds, Ages, and Activity Levels

Different breeds of dogs have different nutritional needs, depending on their size, activity level, and age. Puppies, for example, require more protein and fat to fuel their growth and development, while older dogs may require a diet that is lower in calories to prevent weight gain.

Similarly, dogs with high activity levels may need more protein and carbohydrates to fuel their muscles, while dogs with lower activity levels may need a diet that is lower in calories to prevent weight gain.

Managing Food Allergies and Sensitivities

Food allergies and sensitivities are common in dogs, and can be caused by certain ingredients like grains, dairy, or chicken. It is important to identify any food allergies or sensitivities in the dog and avoid those ingredients in their diet.

Homemade and Raw Diets

Some dog owners prefer to make homemade or raw diets for their dogs. While these diets can be beneficial, it is important to ensure that they are balanced and provide all of the nutrients that the dog needs.

Popular Dog Food Brands

There are many popular dog food brands on the market, each with their own unique formulas and ingredients. It is important to research different brands and choose a high-quality food that meets the dog’s nutritional needs.

Nutrition Tips for Specific Health Conditions

Certain health conditions, like diabetes or kidney disease, require special diets to manage the condition. It is important to work with a veterinarian to develop a diet that meets the specific needs of the dog.

Addressing Weight Management and Obesity Prevention

Maintaining a healthy weight is important for a dog’s overall health and wellbeing. It is important to monitor the dog’s weight and adjust their diet and activity level accordingly to prevent obesity.

Feeding Schedules and Portion Sizes

Establishing a regular feeding schedule and portion sizes is important for maintaining a balanced diet and preventing overeating.

Healthy Recipes and Treat Ideas

In addition to a balanced diet, there are many healthy recipes and treat ideas that can provide additional nutrition and variety to the dog’s diet. Some examples include:

  • Homemade dog food with lean proteins like chicken, turkey, or fish, and healthy grains like brown rice or quinoa.
  • Homemade treats made with ingredients like pumpkin, sweet potato, or carrots.
  • Frozen treats made with yogurt or fruit.


In conclusion, while the benefits and reasons behind dogs eating placenta may be interesting, it is important to remember that a balanced diet is critical to a dog’s overall health and wellbeing. By considering the specific needs of the dog, managing food allergies and sensitivities, and providing variety and nutrition through healthy recipes and treats, dog owners can help ensure that their furry friend lives a long and healthy life.


Q: Why do dogs eat placenta after giving birth?
A: There are several theories about why dogs eat their placenta. Some experts believe that it’s an instinctual behavior to keep the birthing area clean and free from predators. Others believe that it’s a way for the mother to recover from the birth by replenishing nutrients lost during labor. Some suggest that it helps the mother bond with her puppies, while others believe that it may help stimulate milk production.

Q: Is it safe for dogs to eat placenta?
A: While there is no scientific evidence that eating placenta is harmful, it’s important to note that it’s not necessary for a dog’s health. Additionally, there is a risk of bacterial infection if the placenta is left uncleaned or not cooked properly. It’s always best to consult with a veterinarian before allowing your dog to eat placenta.

Q: Are there any benefits to dogs eating placenta?
A: There is no conclusive scientific evidence that eating placenta provides any benefits to dogs. Some proponents of placenta consumption claim that it can help with postpartum recovery, provide additional nutrients, and even prevent postpartum depression. However, these claims are anecdotal and not supported by research.

Scroll to Top