What Do Maltese Dogs Eat? A Comprehensive Guide to Their Nutritional Needs

When it comes to taking care of our pets, one of the most important aspects is their diet. Feeding your dog a balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for their overall health and wellbeing. This is especially important for Maltese dogs, who have specific nutritional needs that must be met in order to maintain their long-term health. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide to Maltese dog nutrition, including the importance of balanced diets, managing food allergies and sensitivities, homemade and raw diets, popular dog food brands, tips for specific health conditions, weight management and obesity prevention, healthy recipes and treat ideas, and feeding schedules and portion sizes.

What Do Maltese Dogs Eat? A Comprehensive Guide to Their Nutritional Needs

The Importance of Balanced Diets

A balanced diet is essential for every dog, regardless of their breed or size. Maltese dogs, in particular, require a balanced diet that contains high-quality proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. Ensuring that your Maltese dog is getting the right nutrients is crucial for their overall health, including their bones, muscles, coat, and immune system.


Protein is essential for Maltese dogs because it helps them maintain their muscles and supports their growth and development. Dogs need a diet that contains at least 18% protein, but Maltese dogs may require a higher percentage, especially if they are very active. Some good sources of protein for Maltese dogs include chicken, turkey, lamb, beef, fish, and eggs.


Fats are an essential part of any diet, as they provide energy and help support many of the body’s functions. Maltese dogs require a diet that contains at least 5% fat, with some dogs needing more depending on their activity level. It is important to choose healthy sources of fats, such as fish oil, flaxseed oil, and chicken fat.


Carbohydrates are an important source of energy for Maltese dogs, as they provide the fuel necessary for physical activity. Good sources of carbohydrates include rice, sweet potatoes, oats, and barley.

Vitamins and Minerals

Maltese dogs require a range of vitamins and minerals in their diet to ensure optimal health. These include vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, vitamin B complex, calcium, phosphorus, and iron. Good sources of these vitamins and minerals can be found in fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as in high-quality dog food.

Managing Food Allergies and Sensitivities

Like humans, dogs can have food allergies and sensitivities that can cause a range of health problems, including skin irritations, digestive issues, and even seizures. It is important to be aware of the signs of food allergies and to work with your veterinarian to identify any sensitivities. Once identified, you can work to eliminate any problem foods from your dog’s diet and replace them with healthy alternatives.

Homemade and Raw Diets

Some owners choose to feed their dogs homemade or raw diets, which can be a good option if done correctly. However, it is important to work with a veterinarian or canine nutritionist to ensure that your dog is getting all of the necessary nutrients in the right balance. Raw diets, in particular, can be risky if not prepared correctly, as they can contain harmful bacteria that can make your dog sick.

Popular Dog Food Brands

There are many different dog food brands available on the market, each with their own unique formulations and nutritional profiles. Some popular brands for Maltese dogs include Royal Canin, Hill’s Science Diet, and Blue Buffalo. Always be sure to read the labels carefully and choose a high-quality product that meets all of your dog’s nutritional needs.

Tips for Specific Health Conditions

Maltese dogs are prone to a range of health conditions, including dental problems, allergies, and joint issues. If your dog has a specific health condition, it is important to work with your veterinarian to develop a diet that will help manage their symptoms and support their overall health.

Dental Problems

Maltese dogs are prone to dental problems, such as tooth decay and gum disease. Feeding your dog dental chews or raw bones can help keep their teeth clean and healthy, while also providing them with a nutritious snack.


If your Maltese dog has allergies, it is important to identify the source of the allergy and eliminate it from their diet. Common allergens for dogs include wheat, soy, corn, and beef.

Joint Issues

Maltese dogs are prone to joint issues, such as hip dysplasia and arthritis. Feeding your dog a diet that is high in omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants can help support joint health and reduce inflammation.

Weight Management and Obesity Prevention

Maltese dogs are prone to obesity, which can lead to a range of health problems, including diabetes, heart disease, and joint issues. To prevent obesity, it is important to feed your dog a balanced diet that is appropriate for their age, activity level, and overall health. You should also ensure that your dog gets plenty of exercise and avoid feeding them table scraps or other high-fat treats.

Healthy Recipes and Treat Ideas

If you choose to make your own dog food or treats, there are many healthy and nutritious recipes available. Some ideas include homemade chicken and vegetable soup, turkey and sweet potato casserole, and peanut butter and banana treats.

Feeding Schedules and Portion Sizes

Finally, it is important to establish a feeding schedule and portion sizes that are appropriate for your Maltese dog. Most adult dogs need to be fed twice a day, while puppies may require more frequent meals. It is important to feed your dog according to their age, size, and activity level, and to monitor their weight to ensure that they are not becoming overweight or obese.

In conclusion, feeding your Maltese dog a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for their overall health and wellbeing. By understanding their nutritional needs, managing any food allergies or sensitivities, choosing high-quality dog food brands, and working with your veterinarian to develop a diet that is appropriate for their specific health needs, you can help ensure that your Maltese dog lives a long, healthy, and happy life.


Q: How often should I feed my Maltese dog?
A: Generally, it’s recommended to feed adult Maltese dogs twice a day. Puppies, on the other hand, may require three to four small meals per day. It’s important to maintain a consistent feeding schedule to prevent digestion issues and obesity.

Q: What kind of food should I feed my Maltese dog?
A: Maltese dogs have specific nutritional needs, and it’s important to choose a high-quality dog food that meets those needs. Look for a dog food that has protein as its main ingredient, such as chicken or fish. Avoid dog foods that contain fillers such as soy, corn, or wheat. Additionally, some Maltese dogs may benefit from a grain-free diet.

Q: Can I give my Maltese dog table scraps?
A: While it may be tempting to share your food with your furry friend, table scraps can be harmful to Maltese dogs. Human food is often high in fat and sugar, which can lead to weight gain and other health problems. Additionally, some foods such as chocolate, onions, and garlic can be toxic to dogs. It’s best to stick to a balanced, nutritious dog food diet for your Maltese dog.

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