Why Is My Dog Eating Poop? Hunger or Health Issue?

Have you ever caught your dog eating poop? This behavior, known as coprophagia, can be alarming and unpleasant for pet owners. However, many dog owners are unsure of what causes the behavior, and whether or not it poses a health risk to their furry friend. In this article, we’ll explore the reasons behind coprophagia and how to address it.

Why Is My Dog Eating Poop? Hunger or Health Issue?

What Causes Coprophagia?

Instinctual Behavior

In the wild, dogs might eat feces as a way to clean their den or to prevent predators from tracking them. Puppies are also known to eat feces as a way to learn about the world around them. This behavior can carry over into domesticated dogs, especially if they haven’t been trained not to do so.

Nutritional Deficiencies

If your dog is not getting the nutrients they need from their regular diet, they may turn to eating feces as a way to supplement their diet. This is especially common in dogs that have been rescued from neglectful situations or are being fed a poor-quality diet.

Medical Conditions

In some cases, coprophagia can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition. Conditions such as malabsorption syndrome, pancreatic insufficiency, and thyroid disease can all lead to nutritional deficiencies and cause coprophagia as a result. In addition, some medications can cause dogs to eat feces.

Is Coprophagia Harmful?

While coprophagia is not necessarily harmful to your dog’s health, it can increase their risk of contracting parasites and infectious diseases. It can also be a sign of an underlying medical condition that needs to be addressed.

How to Prevent Coprophagia

Regular Feeding Schedule

Make sure your dog is being fed a well-balanced diet with all the nutrients they need. Feed your dog on a regular schedule to prevent them from becoming overly hungry and seeking out alternative food sources.

Training and Positive Reinforcement

Teach your dog the “leave it” command, and train them not to eat feces. Use positive reinforcement, such as treats and praise, when they obey commands correctly.


Keep an eye on your dog when they are outside to prevent them from eating feces. Keep your yard clean and free of feces, and consider using a basket muzzle if necessary.

Consult Your Veterinarian

If your dog’s coprophagia is persistent or excessive, consult your veterinarian. They can rule out any underlying medical conditions and provide additional recommendations for addressing the behavior.

When to See a Veterinarian

If your dog’s coprophagia is accompanied by other symptoms, such as vomiting or diarrhea, it could be a sign of an underlying medical condition. In these cases, it’s important to see a veterinarian as soon as possible.

Real-Life Examples

Case 1

A couple noticed that their newly rescued dog, a 2-year-old Labrador mix, was eating feces in their backyard. They initially thought it was due to hunger or boredom, but after consulting with their veterinarian, they learned that their dog had a nutritional deficiency. They switched their dog to a high-quality diet and worked on training their dog not to eat feces. The behavior stopped after a few weeks.

Case 2

A family noticed that their 4-year-old Beagle was eating feces in their yard and occasionally on walks. They tried training their dog not to do so but were unsuccessful. Their veterinarian recommended a basket muzzle to prevent the behavior. The muzzle was used for a few weeks until the behavior stopped, and the dog was gradually weaned off of it.


Coprophagia can be a frustrating and unpleasant behavior, but it’s important to understand the reasons behind it and how to address it. By ensuring that your dog has a well-balanced diet, training them not to eat feces, and monitoring their behavior, you can prevent coprophagia and keep your furry friend healthy and happy.


Q. Why is my dog eating poop? Is it because he’s hungry?

A. Dogs may eat poop for different reasons, and hunger is one of them. Sometimes, dogs don’t get enough nutrients from their food or may have an underlying health condition that’s causing them to feel hungry all the time. However, if your dog is eating poop out of hunger, you can increase the amount of food you’re feeding him or switch him to a higher-quality diet to see if the behavior stops.

Q. Could my dog be eating poop because of a health issue?

A. Yes, there are several health issues that could cause dogs to eat poop, including malabsorption syndromes, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, and diabetes. If you suspect that your dog’s poop-eating behavior is related to a health issue, take him to the vet for a check-up and bloodwork to rule out any underlying problems.

Q. Can I stop my dog from eating poop?

A. Yes, you can try to stop your dog from eating poop by providing him with a nutritious and balanced diet, picking up his poop immediately after he goes, and using deterrents like bitter apple spray or hot sauce on his poop. You can also try redirecting his attention by offering him a treat or toy every time he tries to eat poop. However, if the behavior persists, it’s important to consult with your vet to make sure there isn’t an underlying health issue causing the behavior.

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